What are authoritative warrants?
authoritative warrant: authoritative warrant. A warrant that appeals to the credibility the audience assigns to the source of the evidence; also called an ethos-based appeal. substantive warrant. A warrant that relies on factual evidence to link a claim to evidence.
What are motivational warrants?
Motivational Warrants. A warrant that uses the needs, desires, emotions, and values of audience-members as the basis for accepting evidence in support of a claim. A warrant that appeals to the credibility the audience assigns to the source of the evidence.
What is a warrant in critical thinking?
Warrants are chains of reasoning that connect the claim and evidence/reason. A warrant is the principle, provision or chain of reasoning that connects the grounds/reason to the claim. Warrants operate at a higher level of generality than a claim or reason, and they are not normally explicit.
What are warrants in public speaking?
Warrant: The reasoning that authorizes the inferential leap from the grounds to the claim. Backing: The support for the warrant. Modality: The degree of certainty with which the advocate makes the claim. Rebuttal: Exceptions that might be offered to the claim.
When would one use an authoritative warrant?
|Term Authoritative warrant||Definition a warrant based on the credibility or trustworthiness of the source.|
|Term Cause and effect||Definition reasoning that assumes one event or condition can bring about another.|
|Term Straw man||Definition “disputing a view similar to, but not the same as, that of the arguer’s opponent”|
What are the three main types of claims in argument?
Three types of claims are as follows: fact, value, and policy. Claims of fact attempt to establish that something is or is not the case. Claims of value attempt to establish the overall worth, merit, or importance of something. Claims of policy attempt to establish, reinforce, or change a course of action.
Why is it important to identify reasons and evidence in an argumentative text?
Many students feel that it is redundant to include reasoning, but the goal of an argumentative essay is to persuade the reader to agree with your claim. If you just give evidence and reasons without reasoning, you give the reader the opportunity to interpret the evidence however he or she wants.
What is a Warrant statement?
Warrant Statements means the statements issued by the Warrant Agent from time to time to Registered Holders of Book-Entry Warrants reflecting such book-entry position.
What is the first thing an audience notices about a speaker?
Public Speaking 1
|Move your gaze from one person to another on all sides of a room pausing to gaze at one person long enogh to complete a thought.||scanning|
|Use gestures that feel…||natural|
|The first thing an audience notices as you approach the speaker’s position is your…||clothes|
When the body of a text is being read which typeface is easiest on the eye?
Serif fonts help with readability, and are therefore preferable in the body of a book. The “serif” is the decorative stroke that finishes each end of a letter (think Times Roman). Serif fonts are easier on the reader’s eye than sans-serif fonts; the stroke leads the reader’s eye from one letter to the next.