What are animals fed in CAFOs?


Animal Sector Large CAFOs Small CAFOs
Cattle or cow/calf pairs 1,000 or more Less than 300
Mature dairy cattle 700 or more Less than 200
Turkeys 55,000 or more Less than 16,500
Laying hens or broilers (liquid manure handling systems) 30,000 or more Less than 9,000

What is a confined feeding operation?

An AFO is a lot or facility where animals are kept. confined and fed or maintained for 45 or more days per year, and crops, vegetation, or forage growth are. not sustained over a normal growing period (Environmental Protection Agency [EPA], 2009).

What makes an AFO a CAFO?

A CAFO is an AFO with more than 1000 animal units (an animal unit is defined as an animal equivalent of 1000 pounds live weight and equates to 1000 head of beef cattle, 700 dairy cows, 2500 swine weighing more than 55 lbs, 125 thousand broiler chickens, or 82 thousand laying hens or pullets) confined on site for more …

What is a CAFO EPA?

An inspection at an animal feeding operation (AFO) or a concentrated animal feeding operation (CAFO) is typically a compliance evaluation inspection, in which the facility is being inspected to determine whether it is complying with the requirements of the CAFO regulations under the Clean Water Act.

What are two negative environmental effects of CAFOs?

CAFOs are a major contributor to Harmful Algal Blooms (HABs) nationwide. HABs occur when an overgrowth of algae takes over a body of water and produce toxins that can threaten environmental and public health. So-called “nutrients” (phosphorous and nitrogen), major constituents of CAFO waste, fuel these algae outbreaks.

What are the cons of CAFOs?

List of the Cons of CAFO

  • CAFOs lead to an increase in antibiotic resistance.
  • CAFOs produce a lot of pollutants.
  • CAFOs create a negative influence on the environment.
  • Animals have fewer opportunities to live a natural life.
  • The animals in CAFOs often reach an unnatural size.

How many days must an animal be confined in order for a farm to be considered an AFO?

The first part of the regulatory definition of an AFO means that animals must be kept on the lot or facility for a minimum of 45 days in a 12-month period. If an animal is confined for any portion of a day, it is considered to be on the facility for a full day.

Can the EPA regulate CAFOs?

EPA may approve states to run their own regulatory and permitting programs for CAFOs. If EPA has approved your state, the state is the permitting authority and will issue a permit for your CAFO. EPA has approved most states to run the CAFO program.

How are animals treated in CAFOs?

CAFOs raise animal welfare, environmental degradation, and human health concerns. In terms of animal welfare, one of the greatest concerns is the close confinement and crowdedness of the animals. These conditions create boredom and stress in the animals, as well as physical and mental illnesses.

Why should CAFOs be banned?

The cumulative health risks of CAFO-generated pollution (particularly considering the psychological burden of living with constant stench) are severe enough that the American Public Health Association made its own recommendation to ban CAFOs last year.

Why is animal confinement bad?

Human Impacts of Extreme Animal Confinement Research shows that living 1.5 miles from a CAFO is associated with an increased likelihood of suffering nasal allergies, lung allergies and asthma when compared to living five miles away. For local residents, quality of life can suffer badly.

Why are CAFOs bad?

Reason Why CAFOs Are Bad #1: they are inhumane. CAFOs aren’t farms at all, they’re animal factories. Hundreds of thousands of livestock or millions of chickens are grown in tight quarters where movement is restricted and the animals don’t have access to the outdoors.

What is the purpose of concentrated animal feeding operations?

The Concentrated Animal Feeding Operations ( CAFO ) permit is intended to protect both surface waters and ground waters by requiring implementation of Nutrient Management Plans (NMP). Department of Ecology Operating a concentrated animal feeding operation that discharges or proposes to discharge to State or Federal Waters (surface or ground).

What is concentrated animal feeding operations?

Concentrated animal feeding operation. A concentrated animal feeding operation (CAFO), as defined by the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA), is an animal feeding operation (AFO) in which over 1000 animal units are confined for over 45 days a year. An animal unit is the equivalent of 1000 pounds of “live” animal weight.

How are CAFOs beneficial?

CAFOs can be very beneficial when properly located, managed and monitored. Due to their increased efficiency, CAFOs provide a source of low cost animal products: meat, milk and eggs. CAFOs may also stimulate local economies through increased employment and use of local materials in their production.