What is the composition of diesel and gasoline?

Diesel fuel consists mainly of paraffins, aromatics and naphthenes. The hydrocarbons of gasoline contain typically 4-12 carbon atoms with boiling range between 30 and 210 °C, whereas diesel fuel contains hydrocarbons with approximately 12–20 carbon atoms and the boiling range is between 170 and 360 °C.

What is chemical composition of gasoline?

The typical composition of gasoline hydrocarbons (% volume) is as follows: 4-8% alkanes; 2-5% alkenes; 25-40% isoalkanes; 3-7% cycloalkanes; l-4% cycloalkenes; and 20-50% total aromatics (0.5-2.5% benzene) (IARC 1989).

What is the chemical formula of diesel?

Petroleum-derived diesel is composed of about 75 percent saturated hydrocarbons (primarily paraffins including n, iso, and cycloparaffins), and 25 percent aromatic hydrocarbons (including naphthalenes and alkylbenzenes). The average chemical formula for common diesel fuel is C12H23, ranging from approx.

Is a diesel engine better than petrol?

Diesels are more fuel efficient than petrol engines and emit less CO2, which makes them better for the environment. Diesel engines are generally more rugged than petrol engines, as they have to withstand higher compression ratios; this means better longevity.

What is the main component of gasoline?

Gasoline is a petroleum-derived product comprising a mixture of liquid aliphatic and aromatic hydrocarbons, ranging between C4 and C12 carbon atoms with the boiling range of 30–225°C. It is predominantly a mixture of paraffins, naphthenes, aromatics and olefins.

What is fuel and its type?

Fuel meaning: Meaning of fuel is a substance that is burned to provide nuclear energy, heat or power. Materials like coal, wood, oil, or gas can provide heat when burned. Methanol, Gasoline, Diesel, Propane, Natural gas, Hydrogen are types of fuel.

What are common sources of fuel?

sources of fuel include wood, paper, plastic, rubber or foam, loose packaging materials, waste rubbish and furniture. sources of oxygen include the air around us.

What’s cheaper petrol or diesel?

Petrol is usually a few pence per litre cheaper than diesel at the pumps, but diesel engines are generally more efficient than petrol by a considerably higher margin. That means a diesel model will almost certainly be cheaper to keep filled up, even if you only do an average mileage.

What is the chemical formula of diesel oil?

In the United States, petroleum-derived diesel is composed of about 75% saturated hydrocarbons (primarily paraffins including n, iso, and cycloparaffins ), and 25% aromatic hydrocarbons (including naphthalenes and alkylbenzenes ). The average chemical formula for common diesel fuel is C 12 H 23, ranging approximately from C 10 H 20 to C 15 H 28.

What is the chemical name for diesel fuel?

The average chemical formula for common diesel fuel is C12H23, ranging from approx. C10H20 to C15H28. Petrol consists of hydrocarbons with between 5 and 12 carbon atoms per molecule but then it is blended for various uses.

What is the formula for diesel?

Diesel is not a pure chemical substance. Rather, it’s a mixture of organic molecules ranging from about 8 to 21 carbons in length. The average molecular formula for a diesel hydrocarbon is C12H23.

What is winter blend diesel fuel?

Winter diesel has a blend of hydrocarbons that have a lower freeze point. It is more costly, but it keeps trucks running in most winter weather. However, this does not help if the weather is unseasonably cold and the fuel suppliers have not made the switch to the winter diesel.