What are the 9 German pronouns?
These nine pronouns are: ich, du, er, sie, es, wir, ihr, sie and Sie.
Where do we use zu in German?
When Zu Means “To” or “Towards” One of the most common forms of zu is the dative preposition. In this context, it means “to” or “towards” something or someone, and it changes the case of the following noun to dative. Let’s look at a few examples: Ich muss morgen zur Schule gehen.
What are the German reflexive pronouns?
The German Reflexive Pronouns
|Subject Pronoun||Reflexive Pronoun||Translation|
What is the difference between IHN and ihm?
Ihn is used for direct objects. That means it answers the questions “what?” or “whom?” Ihm is used for indirect objects. That means it’s used in response to questions like “to whom?” or “for what?” Does that sound confusing?
What is the gender of Ich in German?
|Masculine endings||Masculine gender indications|
|-ant, -ast, -ich, -ig, -ismus, -ling, -or, -us||67% of monosyllabic nouns.|
|Feminine endings||Feminine gender indications|
|-a, -anz, -ei, -enz, -heit, -ie, -ik, -in, -keit, -schaft, -sion, -tät, -tion, -ung, -ur||Most nouns ending in -t originating from verbs.|
How do you tell if a sentence is dative or accusative in German?
Accusative case is the object of the sentence, and dative is the indirect object of the sentence. In sentences that have both a direct object and an indirect object, it’s usually pretty clear which noun has a more direct relationship to the verb: Ich hab ihm das Geschenk gegeben.
Why do we use UM in German?
To make your German flow, you can link two clauses by using um… zu…, which means ‘in order to’. This construction is sometimes referred to as the infinitive construction.
What is zu German?
Zu is one of the two main German word to indicate where someone (or something) is headed. And those articles bring us to the other point: zu is one of the Dative prepositions. That means that it is ALWAYS followed by Dative.
Where does sich go in a German sentence?
Reflexive verbs consist of two parts: the reflexive pronoun sich (meaning himself, herself, itself, themselves or oneself) and the infinitive of the verb.
How do you know when to use a reflexive pronoun in German?
Most of the time, you’ll use reflexive pronouns to indicate that the subject of the sentence is doing something to himself or herself, e.g. I cry myself to sleep at night. Here, the reflexive pronoun ‘myself’ is referring back to the subject (‘I’) who is taking the action of crying (himself/herself) to sleep.
How do you use Ihnen in German?
Both can be translated as “you” but “dir” is used in informal situations and “Ihnen” is used in formal situations. You would use “dir” if you speak to a friend or a family member. “Ihnen” is used if you talk to unknow people, your boss, your teacher for example.
What is dative in German?
In general, the dative (German: Dativ) is used to mark the indirect object of a German sentence. For example: Ich schicke dem Mann(e) das Buch. (literally: I sent “to the man” the book.)
What’s the difference between Mich and Dir in German?
The difference between these forms is their grammar case. Mir and dir are DATIVE personal pronouns and mich and dich are ACCUSATIVE personal pronouns. Which grammar case we have to use in a sentence is determined by the verb or preposition of our phrase.
What does ” me ” and ” you ” mean in German?
Both “me” and “you” have each two translations in German. “Me” can mean either mich or mir and “you” can mean either dich or dir. The difference between these forms is their grammar case. Mir and dir are DATIVE personal pronouns and mich and dich are ACCUSATIVE personal pronouns.
What kind of pronouns are Mich and Dir?
Mir and dir are DATIVE personal pronouns and mich and dich are ACCUSATIVE personal pronouns. Which grammar case we have to use in a sentence is determined by the verb or preposition of our phrase.
Which is the correct form of the word you in German?
The verbs following the formal form of “you”—”Sie”—are conjugated identically as in the third-person plurals. For example, “Sie sprechen Deutsch.” This means either “You speak German” or “They speak German”, and it is completely up to the context to determine which one it is.