Do you need to cite equations?

If the data, or the figure itself, comes from an outside source, you should cite that source when you introduce the table / figure / equation. In the case of equations, it is of primary importance to insure that, at some point in either the introduction or the explanation of the equation, you define the symbols used.

How do you reference equations in text?

Equations should be referenced within the text as “Eq. (x).” When the reference to an equation begins a sentence, it should be spelled out, e.g., “Equation (x).” Formulas and equations should be created to clearly distinguish capital letters from lowercase letters.

How do you reference a PDF in Harvard referencing?

Author/Editor (if it is an editor always put (ed.) after the name)(Year of publication)Title (this should be in italics)Series title and number (if part of a series)Edition (if not the first edition)Place of publication (if there is more than one place listed, use the first named)Publisher.

How do you Intext reference a PDF?

In-text referencing when using direct quotes from a pdf document from a website where the name of the author is given.The family name(s) of the author(s).No initials.The year of publication.The page reference.

How do you write references in a PDF?

Always cite the PDF based on what the source in the file actually is.In MLA formatting, you can change the medium description to “PDF file.”In an APA citation, cite a PDF the same way you would cite a webpage, and include the PDF link as the URL.