What is bioterrorism in biotechnology?

Bioterrorism is the intentional dissemination of a biological agent or its toxins, intended to kill or incapacitate the target individual or population. A disease causing microbe or its components can be used as an instrument of terror.

Is anthrax a biotechnology?

Anthrax is also high on the target list for biotech companies. The current vaccine must be given in 6 injections over 18 months, then boosted yearly—an impractical strategy for the armed forces.

What are the important milestones of biotechnology?

1981: The first gene-synthesizing machines are developed. 1981: The first genetically engineered plant is reported. 1982: The first recombinant DNA vaccine for livestock is developed. 1982: The first biotech drug, human insulin produced in genetically modified bacteria, is approved by FDA.

How Biotechnology has been used in enhancing bioterrorist weapons?

Use of Biotechnology in Enhancing Bioterrorist Weapons This in combination with the human genome project allowed scientists to copy, mutate, sequence and manipulate DNA. In addition to the human genome, the sequences of several other microorganisms are freely available on the Internet.

How is anthrax weaponized?

Likely delivery methods of weaponized anthrax include aerial dispersal or dispersal through livestock, notable bioterrorism uses include the 2001 anthrax attacks and an incident in 1993 by the Aum Shinrikyo group in Japan.

What was the first biotech drug?

In 1982 Food and Drug Administration approved Humulin, Eli Lily’s recombinant insulin made from Genentech’s specially modified bacteria. It was the first drug produced through recombinant DNA technology and among the first genetically engineered products to be available to consumers.

What kind of Education does Biotechnology High School offer?

Biotechnology High School, an International Baccalaureate (IB) World School, integrates life science, technology, and engineering into a rigorous curriculum that inspires students toward open-minded participation in the global community and prepares them for higher education and leadership in an increasingly demanding workplace through scholarly…

Which is a high consequence of bioterrorism?

Bioterrorism and other high consequence biological events can result in mass casualties, epidemic illness, healthcare worker illness, environmental contamination, legal issues, and cause unease within the medical community and the community at large.

Where can I find information on bioterrorism threats?

Information on additional terrorist threats may be found in these TCs: Chemical Hazards, Active Shooter and Explosives, and Radiological and Nuclear. Adalja, A., Toner, E., and Inglesby, T. (2015). Clinical Management of Potential Bioterrorism-Related Conditions. New England Journal of Medicine. 372:954-62.

Which is the best template for bioterrorism readiness?

Bioterrorism Readiness Plan: A Template for Healthcare Facilities. In cooperation with the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), APIC produced this Bioterrorism Readiness Plan to serve as a reference document and initial template to facilitate preparation of bioterrorism readiness plans for individual institutions.