What is the difference between neurogenic and nephrogenic diabetes insipidus?

Nephrogenic diabetes insipidus, also known as renal diabetes insipidus, is a form of diabetes insipidus primarily due to pathology of the kidney. This is in contrast to central or neurogenic diabetes insipidus, which is caused by insufficient levels of antidiuretic hormone (also called vasopressin).

Is diabetes insipidus neurogenic?

It is also known as neurohypophyseal diabetes insipidus, referring to the posterior pituitary (neurohypophysis), which is supplied by the hypothalamus in the brain. This condition has only polyuria in common with diabetes….Central diabetes insipidus.

Neurogenic diabetes insipidus
Specialty Endocrinology

How can you tell the difference between diabetes insipidus and DM?

Diabetes Mellitus include increased blood sugar level, glucose in the urine, excessive urine, excessive thirst, excessive appetite. Diabetes Insipidus includes the secretion of a large quantity of dilute glucose-free urine, excessive thirst, and dehydration.

What are the four types of diabetes insipidus?

The types of diabetes insipidus include central, nephrogenic, dipsogenic, and gestational. Each type of diabetes insipidus has a different cause. The main complication of diabetes insipidus is dehydration if fluid loss is greater than liquid intake.

How long can you live with diabetes insipidus?

Adults rarely die from it as long as they drink enough water. But the risk of death is higher for infants, seniors, and those who have mental illnesses. That may be because they have trouble recognizing their thirst, or they can’t do anything about it. The average person gets rid of 1-2 quarts of urine per day.

Is there a difference between Central and nephrogenic diabetes insipidus?

There are two forms of the disease: nephrogenic diabetes insipidus and central diabetes insipidus (also known as neurogenic diabetes insipidus). A number of factors have been linked to the development of diabetes insipidus, which may also occur in pregnancy or with the use of certain medications.

How to differentiate between nephrogenic and neurogenic di?

Adam describes the diagnostic protocol of DI in which the desmopressin test can help distinguish neurogenic from nephrogenic cases of DI. The treatment of neurogenic DI may involve nasal administration of desmopressin while nephrogenic DI requires hydration and the administration of thiazides and amiloride.

Is there a statistic for neurogenic diabetes insipidus?

Neurogenic diabetes insipidus (DI) is considered an uncommon disorder, although there are no reliable data regarding incidence or prevalence, and diagnosis may frequently be missed.

How does neurogenic diabetes insipidus cause PU / PD?

Diabetes insipidus is a rare cause of PU/PD that results either from insufficient release of arginine vasopressin (‘antidiuretic hormone’) from the pars nervosa of the pituitary gland, or from unresponsiveness of the renal tubules to vasopressin, which may be inherited or acquired.