What is Muga made of?
Muga silk is the product of the silkworm Antheraea assamensis endemic to Assam. The larvae of these moths feed on som (Machilus bombycina) and sualu (Litsaea polyantha) leaves. The silk produced is known for its glossy, fine texture and durability.
Is Muga silk pure?
Muga silk is a variety of wild silk geographically tagged to the state of Assam in India. The silk is known for its extreme durability and has a natural yellowish-golden tint with a shimmering, glossy texture….
What is the difference between tussar silk and Muga silk?
The difference is in the type of worms producing the yarn and the types of leaves they eat. Tussar Silk is obtained from ANTHEREA MYLITTA feeding on ARJUN and ASAN leaves. Muga Silk is obtained from ANTHEREA ASSAMENSIS feeding on SOM and SUALU leaves.
What is the pest of Muga silk?
Uzi fly (Exorista sorbillans) Nature of damage: It is the major pest of muga silkworm. The fly lays eggs on the integument of the worms in the dorsal and dorso-lateral side. After hatching from the eggs, the maggots of the fly penetrate into the larval body and feed on the tissues of the worms.
Is Muga silk costly?
It’s no wonder that Muga silk is one of the costliest silks available in the world. Today, the cost of Muga silk is so high that for a middle-class woman in Assam it has become a prized possession, just as her gold ornaments.
What is Muga silk used for?
Muga silk cloth is very largely used by the Assamese women as mekhela, riha-sador sarees. Eri spun silk is used for dress materials and the coarse variety for making scarves, chaddar, shawls and quilts. Trimoulters silk yarn is used as package material in pencil industry and for making talcum powder puffs.
Why is Muga silk so expensive?
“The demand of Muga silk is rising every year. As of date average quality Muga silk mekhela chadar or saree costs minimum Rs 10,000 in Assam. The price only rises when it is sold outside the state,” said Hasna Shyam, an expert tribal weaver who has been in the business for years.
Which state is the largest producer of Muga silk?
Assam is known for producing all the four types of silk. Sericulture has been practised in the state from time immemorial, and is proud of traditionally producing Muga & Eri silks. Muga culture is endemic to erstwhile Assam and is the largest producer of the famous golden Muga silk in the world.
Is Muga silk rare?
Muga is an exclusive silk belonging to Assam, It is one of the rarest silks produced in the world. This silk is produced by the larva of a silkworm named after the Assam silkmoth (Antheraea Assamensis).
Is tussar silk expensive?
Though cheaper than mulberry silk, a genuine Tussar silk saree will still cost you anywhere between Rs. 3000 to Rs. 4000.
Which insect is the most important pest of silkworm?
Uzi fly (Exorista sorbillans) Nature of damage: It is the major pest of muga silkworm.
How Muga silk is obtained?
Muga silk, which is mainly produced by the Garo community of Assam, is obtained from semi-domesticated multivoltine silkworm, Antheraea Assamensis. These silkworms feed on the leaves of Som and Soalu plants and the silk produced from them is known for its glossy texture and durability.
Which is the best description of muga silk?
Muga silk. Muga silk is a variety of wild silk geographically tagged to the state of Assam in India. The silk is known for its extreme durability and has a natural yellowish-golden tint with a shimmering, glossy texture. It was previously reserved for the use of royalty.
What kind of silk is produced in Sualkuchi?
However, Sualkuchi is well known for silk textiles both mulberry and muga silk. In fact muga, “the golden fibre” is produced only in Assam and it has also tremendous export potentiality. Such activities are intimately linked with the culture and tradition of the Assamese people since long past.
What kind of silk did Kautilya make in Bengal?
Kautilya mentions the production of Suvarnakudyaka (from Kamrupa) along with Vangika (from Vanga /southern Bengal), Magadhika (from Magadha) and Paundrika (from Pundra /northern Bengal), of which Suvarnakudyaka, Magadhika and Paundrika fabrics were types of Kauseya ( Tussar/Muga) and Cina-patta ( Mulberry silk ).