What is a voiding Cystogram trying to diagnose?

A VCUG, or a voiding cystourethrogram, is a minimally invasive test that uses a special x-ray technology called fluoroscopy to visualize your child’s urinary tract and bladder. A VCUG can help: diagnose vesicoureteral reflux, a condition in which urine flows the wrong way, from the bladder back up to the kidneys.

What is a cystogram x-ray?

Cystography is an imaging test that can help diagnose problems in your bladder. It uses X-rays. They may be X-ray pictures or fluoroscopy, a kind of X-ray “movie.” During cystography, the healthcare provider will insert a thin tube called a urinary catheter and inject contrast dye into your bladder.

What is radionuclide cystogram?

A radionuclide cystogram, known as an RNC, is a diagnostic imaging exam that determines if your child has vesicoureteral reflux, which occurs when urine flows from the bladder back up into the kidneys.

How do you perform a cystogram?


  1. Obtain an image of the abdomen and pelvis (kidneys-ureters-bladder [KUB]).
  2. Catheterize and drain the patient’s bladder using aseptic technique. Secure the catheter.
  3. Introduce the contrast agent.
  4. Instill the contrast according to the bladder capacity of the patient.
  5. Obtain images in several views.

What can a cystogram diagnose?

A cystogram is most commonly used to diagnose urinary reflux, also known as vesicoureteral reflux or simply reflux. The condition is often characterized by recurring urinary tract infections (UTIs). If you complain about that and your doctor suspects that you may have urinary reflux, he will order a cystogram.

Why would you need a cystogram?

A Cystogram is a procedure which demonstrates the urinary bladder. It shows the shape and position of the bladder and, in children, can also be used to demonstrate if reflux is occurring (Reflux is the backward flow of urine from the bladder back up to the kidneys).

Can you drive after a cystogram?

For most diagnostic procedures, your doctor uses a numbing gel so you don’t feel pain in your urethra. For a more invasive treatment cystoscopy, you may need sedation or general anesthesia. If you get sedation or general anesthesia, someone should drive you home after the procedure.

Is cystogram and cystography the same thing?

Cystography is a fluoroscopic study that images the bladder. It is similar to a voiding cystourethrogram (VCUG), and the difference between the studies is primarily one of emphasis; a cystogram focuses on the bladder and a VCUG focuses on the posterior urethra.

What are they looking for in a cystogram?

During a cystoscopy, a urinary tract specialist (urologist) uses a scope to view the inside of the bladder and urethra. Doctors use cystoscopy to diagnose and treat urinary tract problems. These problems include bladder cancer, bladder control issues, enlarged prostates and urinary tract infections.

How is a voiding cystogram performed in a hospital?

The voiding cystogram works on the same principles as any other x-ray and can be performed in a clinic or hospitals radiology department. The patient will be asked to lie down on the scanner and the opening of the urethra cleaned before a catheter is inserted through this opening and a contrast dye fed through this to fill up the bladder.

What kind of X-ray is used for retrograde cystography?

Retrograde cystography is primarily an x-ray examination of the bladder that incorporates the use of a contrast dye to help ascertain abnormalities within the organ.

When to use nuclear cystography for ureteral reflux?

If there is a desire to determine the bladder volume at which reflux occurs or the volume of ureteral reflux, both of which have prognostic significance, nuclear cystography is recommended (, 5,, 6 ).

What is the procedure for a micturating cystogram?

The micturating cystogram is performed by first administering some kind of numbing medicine to the opening of the urethra before inserting a catheter through it and guiding this catheter into the bladder. Throughout the micturating cystogram procedure, the patient will be asked to lie down on the flatbed of the x-ray machine.