What muscle flexes the knee when the foot is Dorsiflexed?

The gastrocnemius is the only muscle of this group that helps flex the knee. Deep: The deep muscle group includes the flexor hallucis longus, flexor digitorum longus, and tibialis posterior. They plantarflex the ankle (bend the ankle so the toes point downward) and flex the toes.

Does plantar flexion cause knee flexion?

The plantaris tendon runs below both the soleus and gastrocnemius muscles to connect directly with the heel bone. This muscle works with the Achilles tendon to flex both the ankle and knee joints, allowing a person to stand on their toes or point their foot in plantar flexion.

Is the ankle Dorsiflexed when standing?

Dorsiflexion occurs in your ankle when you draw your toes back toward your shins. You contract the shinbones and flex the ankle joint when you dorsiflex your foot. You can also dorsiflex your foot by lifting the ball of your foot off the ground while standing, keeping your heel planted into the ground.

What causes limited ankle dorsiflexion?

Flexibility deficit: Dorsiflexion problems can occur when the muscles in the calf, known as the Gastroc/Soleus complex, are tight and cause restriction. Genetics: Poor dorsiflexion can be linked to a person’s genetics. Ankle injury: If a sprain has not healed properly, a person may limit their movement to avoid pain.

What is the muscle between the knee and the foot?

Gastrocnemius. This large muscle runs from your knee to your ankle. It helps extend your foot, ankle, and knee. Soleus.

What runs from ankle to knee?

Behind the prominent bump on the outside of your ankle are two tendons known as the peroneal tendons. They run down from the outside of your leg below the knee and go behind the ankle and into the foot.

What causes poor plantar flexion?

An injury to any of the muscles that support plantar flexion can limit your ability to flex your foot or stand on tiptoe. Ankle injuries, including sprains and fractures, are one of the most common causes of plantar flexion problems.

What is the fastest way to relieve ankle pain?


  1. Rest. Keep weight off your ankle as much as possible.
  2. Ice. Place an ice pack or bag of frozen peas on your ankle for 15 to 20 minutes three times a day.
  3. Compression. Use a compression bandage to reduce swelling.
  4. Elevation.
  5. Over-the-counter pain medications.

How long does it take to improve ankle dorsiflexion?

The meta‐analyses (fig 2​) found that static stretching increases ankle dorsiflexion compared with no stretching after ⩽15 minutes (WMD 2.07°; 95% confidence interval 0.86 to 3.27; p = 0.0008), >15–30 minutes (WMD 3.03°; 95% confidence interval 0.31 to 5.75; p = 0.03), and >30 minutes of stretching (WMD 2.49°; 95% …

Can a tight ankle cause dorsiflexion of the foot?

Several conditions can limit ankle dorsiflexion. Tight calves and flat feet can negatively affect dorsiflexion, because these limit your range of motion. Having an ankle that is impaired in some way can also inhibit dorsiflexion. This can be because your ankle is too tight or has some type of injury.

Which is muscle dorsiflex the ankle or plantar flexion?

Dorsiflexion is the movement that occurs at the ankle where the foot lifted upwards. It is the opposite of plantar flexion, which is pointing the foot downwards as occurs when going up onto your toes.

Where does dorsiflexion occur in the human body?

Dorsiflexion is the backward bending and contracting of your hand or foot. This is the extension of your foot at the ankle and your hand at the wrist. You can also dorsiflex your fingers and toes, though usually the term is referring to your wrist or ankle. Dorsiflexion occurs in your ankle when you draw your toes back toward your shins.

How does knee flexion affect the ankle joint?

On the contrary, knee flexion increases ADF, as the muscle’s origin and insertion are approximated. Further ADF is then limited by other structures of the ankle joint (Figure 1 ).