What is basic principle of toxicology?

Toxicological research examines the cellular, biochemical, and molecular mechanisms of action as well as functional effects such as neurobehavioral and immunological, and assesses the probability of their occurrence. Fundamental to this process is characterizing the relation of exposure (or dose) to the response.

What are the 4 disciplines of toxicology?

The field of forensic toxicology involves three main sub-disciplines: postmortem forensic toxicology, human performance toxicology, and forensic drug testing. All of these sub-disciplines measure substances in biological matrices for a given purpose.

Is the agent capable of producing deleterious response in a biological system?

A poison is any agent capable of producing a deleterious response in a biological system. A mechanistic toxicologist identifies the cellular, biochemical, and molecular mechanisms by which chemicals exert toxic effects on living organisms.

What are the types of toxicity?

Types. There are generally five types of toxic entities; chemical, biological, physical, radiation and behavioural toxicity: Disease-causing microorganisms and parasites are toxic in a broad sense but are generally called pathogens rather than toxicants.

What is General toxicology?

General toxicology studies are conducted to determine the degree and severity of toxicity of a test article or compound in animals. General toxicology studies are key components of IND-enabling programs conducted in support of Phase I in the clinic, or for the registration of a new biocide, chemical, or agrochemical.

What are the three types of toxicology?

Toxicology includes the study of chemical properties and how they affect the body….Types of Toxicology

  • Analytical toxicology: This includes the detection and evaluation of toxic chemicals.
  • Applied toxicology: Applied toxicology is concerned with the application of modern technology in the early detection of toxicants.

What is an example of toxicology?

It may be chemical, physical, or biological in form. For example, toxic agents may be chemical (such as cyanide), physical (such as radiation) and biological (such as snake venom). A distinction is made for diseases due to biological organisms.

What is the concept of toxicology?

Toxicology is the study of the adverse effects of chemicals or physical agents on living organisms. A toxicologist is a scientist that determines the harmful effects of agents and the cellular, biochemical, and molecular mechanisms responsible for the effects.

What are the 3 types of toxicity?

Types of toxicity There are generally three types of toxic entities; chemical, biological, and physical. Chemicals include inorganic substances such as lead, hydrofluoric acid, and chlorine gas, organic compounds such as methyl alcohol, most medications, and poisons from living things.

What is the role of toxicology?

Toxicology is a field of science that helps us understand the harmful effects that chemicals, substances, or situations, can have on people, animals, and the environment. Toxicology uses the power of science to predict what, and how chemicals may cause harm and then shares that information to protect public health.

Which is the most important principle of toxicology?

• Potentiation= increased effect of a toxicant acting simultaneously with a non-toxic one. • Antagonism=interferance of one chemical with the action of another (antagonistic agent = antidote). 25. 04/27/15 Dr. Medani A.B. ,2006 Descriptive toxicity tests in animals • Principles: -When followed properly the application to human beings.

What do you need to know about clinical toxicology?

Establish relationship between tissue residual level and probable cause of death. • Clinical Toxicology (hospital setting) Deal with emergencies such as overdoses, poisonings, attempted suicides. Compound identification and quantification. Sign and symptom management. Emergency care–home poisoning.

Which is the best description of a toxic agent?

Classification of Toxic Agents Target organ; Use ; Source ; (Toxin vs Toxicant) ; Physical state ; Chemical structure ; Reactivity ; Poisoning potential ; Biochemical mechanism Exposure For toxic effects to occur, a chemical must reach a particular target site at a sufficient concentration for a sufficient duration.

Which is the best description of an amechanistic toxicologist?

-Amechanistic toxicologist attempts to determine howAmechanistic toxicologist attempts to determine how chemicals exert deleterious effects on living organisms .chemicals exert deleterious effects on living organisms .