What are the 4 main muscles of mastication?


  • The primary muscles include: Masseter. Temporalis. Lateral pterygoid. Medial pterygoid.
  • The secondary or accessory muscles are: Buccinator. Suprahyoid muscles (digastric muscle, mylohyoid muscle, and geniohyoid muscle) Infrahyoid muscles (the sternohyoid, sternothyroid, thyrohyoid, and omohyoid muscle)

Which muscles help in mastication?

There are four muscles: Masseter. Temporalis. Medial pterygoid.

Which muscles of mastication close the mandible?

The masseter muscle is one of four muscles of mastication and has the primary role of closing the jaw in conjunction with two other jaw closing muscles, the temporalis and medial pterygoid muscles.

Which muscle helps to open the jaw?

masseter muscle
The masseter muscle provides powerful elevation and protrusion of the mandible by originating from the zygomatic arch and inserting along the angle and lateral surface of the mandible. The temporalis muscle originates from the floor of the temporal fossa and inserts onto the coronoid process of the mandible.

What is the main chewing muscle?

Mastication Muscles The masseter muscle is the main muscle used for chewing. It is the strongest muscle in the entire body, with the ability to close your jaws with anywhere from 55 to 200 lbs. of pressure. The temporalis muscle originates above your temple and connects to the jaw.

Is Buccinator a muscle of mastication?

The buccinator muscle forms the lateral wall of the oral cavity. It is presumed to aid mastication by maintaining bolus position. Such a function would involve thickening the cheek, possibly compressing the alveolar bone and contributing to malocclusions.

What four muscles control lower jaw movement?

Which four muscles control movement of the lower jaw? masseter, the temporalis, the medial pterygoid, and the lateral pterygoid.

What is the smiling muscle?

Each smile hinges on an anatomical feature known as the zygomaticus major, straps of facial muscle below the cheekbones that pull up the corners of the mouth. But it’s not the only muscle at work.