What is the name for a nine carbon Cycloalkane?


Cycloalkane Molecular Formula
Cyclohexane C6H12
Cycloheptane C7H14
Cyclooctane C8H16
Cyclononane C9H18

How do you name alkanes Iupac?

IUPAC Rules for Alkane Nomenclature

  1. Find and name the longest continuous carbon chain.
  2. Identify and name groups attached to this chain.
  3. Number the chain consecutively, starting at the end nearest a substituent group.
  4. Designate the location of each substituent group by an appropriate number and name.

Are alkanes flammable?

In general, alkanes show a relatively low reactivity. Oxidation of alkanes can also be carried out electrochemically. Lower alkanes in particular are highly flammable and form explosive mixtures (methane, benzene) with air (oxygen). Solubility of alkanes in water is very low.

How are alkanes with unbranched carbon chains named?

Alkanes with unbranched carbon chains are simply named by the number of carbons in the chain. The first four members of the series (in terms of number of carbon atoms) are named as follows: CH 4 = methane = one hydrogen-saturated carbon C 2 H 6 = ethane = two hydrogen-saturated carbons

What are the rules for nomenclature in IUPAC?

These rules, used worldwide, are known as the IUPAC System of Nomenclature. (Some of the names we used earlier, such as isobutane, isopentane, and neopentane, do not follow these rules and are called common names .) A stem name (Table 11.6. 1) indicates the number of carbon atoms in the longest continuous chain (LCC).

What are the IUPAC rules for naming alkanes?

Simplified IUPAC rules for naming alkanes are as follows (demonstrated in Example 11.6. 1 ). 1. Name alkanes according to the LCC of carbon atoms in the molecule (rather than the total number of carbon atoms).

How are cyclic hydrocarbons named in IUPAC nomenclature?

A cyclic (ring) hydrocarbon is designated by the prefix cyclo- which appears directly in front of the base name. In summary, the name of the compound is written out with the substituents in alphabetical order followed by the base name (derived from the number of carbons in the parent chain).