What is inclusive education in Pakistan?

Inclusive education is a concept that allows students with special needs to be placed and receive instruction in the mainstream classes and being taught by mainstream teachers. The study only focused on primary private classroom teachers in Lahore (Pakistan). This is an ongoing study.

What are the policies of inclusive education?

Inclusion means… Special education supports are provided to each student with a disability within the context of the general education classroom. All students receive an education that addresses their individual needs. No student is excluded based on type or degree of disability.

What are the challenges and opportunities for inclusive education in Pakistan?

There is an insufficient knowledge pertaining to inclusion and its implementation in Schools of Pakistan. The challenges include lack of knowledge on inclusion, attitudes of teachers and need of adequate resources to implement inclusive education in schools.

What is the current education policy of Pakistan?

Article 25-A of Constitution of Pakistan obligates the state to provide free and compulsory quality education to children of the age group 5 to 16 years. “The State shall provide free and compulsory education to all children of the age of five to sixteen years in such a manner as may be determined by law”.

What do you understand by the term inclusive education?

Inclusive education means all children in the same classrooms, in the same schools. It means real learning opportunities for groups who have traditionally been excluded – not only children with disabilities, but speakers of minority languages too. Inclusive systems require changes at all levels of society.

What is the significance of special education?

The focus of special education programs is to facilitate access to an appropriate education, regardless of the disability, to help the student achieve academic and life success.

What are the challenges in education system of Pakistan?

The problems associated with the education system of Pakistan are lack of adequate budget, lack of policy implementation, defective examination system, poor physical facilities, lack of teacher quality, lack of implementation of education policies, directionless education, low enrollment, high scale dropouts, political …

What are the opportunity and challenges of inclusive education?

Generally, according to professor Tirusew, the challenge towards inclusive education could emanate from different directions such as attitudinal factors, resistance to change, rigid school systems and learning environment, lack of clear educational strategies, lack of instructional and learning materials and inadequate …