What are the ascending tracts?

Ascending tracts are sensory pathways that begin at the spinal cord and stretch all the way up to the cerebral cortex. There are three types of ascending tracts, dorsal column-medial lemniscus system, spinothalamic (or anterolateral) system, and spinocerebellar system.

What are the ascending tracts of the spinal cord and what do they do?

The main role of the ascending tracts of the spinal cord is to transmit somatosensory information. There are two types of afferent information conducted by the tracts: exteroceptive and proprioceptive. Exteroceptive information comes from the body’s exterior, such as pain and touch.

What do the descending tracts of the spinal cord contains?

Descending tracts carry motor information in efferent nerves from upper motor neurons of cortical structures like the cerebellum and cerebrum. The descending tracts transmit this information to lower motor neurons, allowing it to reach muscles.

What is the effect of injury to ascending tracts in the spinal cord?

This will cause muscle weakness or paralysis, and usually masks the loss of muscle co-ordination. The ascending tracts refer to the neural pathways by which sensory information from the peripheral nerves is transmitted to the cerebral cortex.

What are the tracts of spinal cord?

These have been collectively called the ascending and descending tracts of the spinal cord, respectively. The tracts are responsible for carrying sensory and motor stimuli to and from the periphery (respectively)….Ascending and descending tracts of the spinal cord.

Lateral spinothalamic Pain and temperature
Reticulospinal Regulation to voluntary movements and reflexes

How many spinal cord tracts are there?

There are 31 segments, defined by 31 pairs of nerves exiting the cord. These nerves are divided into 8 cervical, 12 thoracic, 5 lumbar, 5 sacral, and 1 coccygeal nerve (Figure 3.2).

What is an example of descending tract?

The largest, the corticospinal tract, originates in broad regions of the cerebral cortex. Smaller descending tracts, which include the rubrospinal tract, the vestibulospinal tract, and the reticulospinal tract, originate in nuclei in the midbrain, pons, and medulla oblongata.

Which are functions of the spinal cord?

What does the spinal cord do?

  • Motor Functions – directs your body’s voluntary muscle movements.
  • Sensory Functions – monitors sensation of touch, pressure, temperature and pain.
  • Autonomic Functions – regulates digestion, urination, body temperature, heart rate, and dilation/contraction of blood vessels (blood pressure).

What does somatosensory mean?

Overview. The somatosensory system is the part of the sensory system concerned with the conscious perception of touch, pressure, pain, temperature, position, movement, and vibration, which arise from the muscles, joints, skin, and fascia.

Where are the ascending tracts of the spinal cord located?

They are found running along the dorsal, lateral, and ventral columns of the white matter. The main role of the ascending tracts of the spinal cord is to transmit somatosensory information.

What kind of information does the spinal cord carry?

For example, the spinothalamic tract indicates that the fibers are carrying information from the spinal cord to the thalamus of the brainstem. You may note from its name that it is an ascending tract, so the information that it carries is sensory.

How is the white matter of the spinal cord divided?

Cross-section of the spinal cord, indicating how the white matter columns can be divided into various tracts. This table lists the major spinal tracts, indicates if they decussate, and provides a brief description of the types of information that they carry. The spinal cord acts as a conduit for information traveling up and down its length.

Where does the lateral spinothalamic tract begin and end?

The prefix spino – indicates that the tract is originating within the spinal tract. Therefore, the lateral spinothalamic tract refers to a cluster of nerve fibers traveling within the lateral funiculus of the spinal cord, which originated within the cord and will terminate within the thalamus.