Is Svalbard polar?

As Svalbard is north of the Arctic Circle, it experiences midnight sun in summer and polar night in winter. At 74° north, the midnight sun lasts 99 days and polar night 84 days, while the respective figures at 81° north are 141 and 128 days.

Is Svalbard in the Arctic Circle?

Svalbard, (Old Norse: “Cold Coast”) archipelago, part of Norway, located in the Arctic Ocean well north of the Arctic Circle. The islands lie between longitude 10° and 35° E and latitude 74° and 81° N, about 580 miles (930 km) north of Tromsø, Norway.

Is there snow in Svalbard?

Winter is long (going from October to May) and freezing, with frequent snowfalls, usually in the form of light snow. Summer, from June to mid-September, is cold: in June and September, the temperature is just above freezing, while in July and August, the warmest months, the average is around 5.5/6.5 °C (42/43.5 °F).

How many polar bears are there in Svalbard?

3,000
The polar bear population in the Svalbard archipelago and Barents Sea is around 3,000, which exceeds the human population.

Is it expensive to live in Svalbard?

Living expenses The cost of living in Svalbard is approximately the same as in the rest of Norway. Stipulated costs for accommodation and food is approximately NOK 10 000 per month. All travel expenses to and from Longyearbyen must be paid by the student.

How cold is it in Svalbard?

Meteorology. Average summer temperatures on Svalbard range from 3 to 7 °C (37.4 to 44.6 °F) in July, and winter temperatures from −13 to −20 °C (8.6 to −4.0 °F) in January. The highest temperature ever recorded was 23.0 °C (73.4 °F) in July 2020 and the coldest was −46.3 °C (−51.3 °F) in March 1986.

Can you see Northern Lights in Svalbard?

A prime location for aurora hunts and other northern lights experiences. The Svalbard islands are located in the Arctic Ocean halfway between Norway and the North Pole. Svalbard is actually the only place on the planet where you can experience the aurora borealis in the daytime.

What currency is Svalbard?

Norwegian Krone
The local currency in Svalbard is the ‘Norwegian Krone’ (kr). One Norwegian Krone is divided into 100 øre.

Where is Svalbard located in relation to Europe?

Svalbard (/ ˈ s v ɑː l b ɑːr / SVAHL-bar, Urban East Norwegian: [ˈsvɑ̂ːɫbɑr] ), previously known as Spitsbergen, or Spitzbergen, is a Norwegian archipelago in the Arctic Ocean. North of mainland Europe, it is about midway between the northern coast of Norway and the North Pole.

How many national parks are there in Svalbard?

Sixty percent of Svalbard’s land is protected. The seven national parks are: Forlandet, Indre Wijdefjorden, Nordenskiöld Land, Nordre Isfjorden, Nordvest-Spitsbergen, Sassen-Bünsow Land, and Sør-Spitsbergen.

Can you see the Northern Lights in Svalbard?

You can see the northern lights during the day. It’s well-known that to see the northern lights you need darkness, which means travelling to the north of Norway in the winter. But Svalbard is so far north that the sun doesn’t rise for four months during the winter.

What kind of animals live in Svalbard archipelago?

Svalbard is a breeding ground for many seabirds, and is home to polar bears, reindeer, the Arctic fox, and certain marine mammals. Seven national parks and twenty-three nature reserves cover two-thirds of the archipelago, protecting the largely untouched, yet fragile, natural environment.