Is the 1790 census online?
The first Federal Population Census was taken in 1790, and a census has been taken every ten years since. The National Archives has the census schedules on microfilm available from 1790 to 1940, and online access is available through our digitization partners (free at any National Archives facility).
What did the 1790 census show?
The first U.S. Census was conducted in 1790. The census categorized the population of the new nation according to liberty, sex, and age: free white males age 16 and older, free white males under age 16, free white females, all other free people, and slaves.
What happened to the 1790 census?
Although the census was proved statistically factual, based on data collected, the records for several states (including Delaware, Georgia, New Jersey, and Virginia) were lost sometime between 1790 and 1830. Almost one third of the original census data have been lost or destroyed since their original documentation.
How do you read a 1790 census?
How to Read a 1790 U.S. Census Form
- Name of the head of the household or the head of the family.
- Number of free white males ages 16 years and older, including heads of families.
- Number of free white males under 16 years of age.
- Number of free white females, including heads of families.
Who started the census?
The first census in 1790 was managed under the direction of Thomas Jefferson, the Secretary of State. Marshals took the census in the original 13 states plus the districts of Kentucky, Maine, and Vermont, and the Southwest Territory (Tennessee).
What is the main purpose of a census?
– The Constitution of the United States, Article I, Section 2. The census asks questions of people in homes and group living situations, including how many people live or stay in each home, and the sex, age and race of each person. The goal is to count everyone once, only once, and in the right place.
What major event happened in 1790?
President George Washington delivers the first “State of the Union Address” on January 8, 1790. Benjamin Franklin dies on April 17, 1790 in Philadelphia, PA. Washington, DC, is established as the capital of the United States, in 1791. The U.S. Post Office Department is established on February 20, 1792.
What is the oldest US census?
The first Federal Population Census was taken in 1790, and has been taken every ten years since. Because of a 72-year restriction on access to the Census, the most recent year available is 1940. The 1950 Census will be released in 2022.
When did the US start taking census?
August 2, 1790
The first census in the United States took place beginning on August 2, 1790. Although it took months to collect all the data from households, census takers were instructed to collect information as of August 2. For more information, see the 1790 Overview page.
Where can I find 1790 United States Census?
No schedules are known to exist for Delaware, Georgia, Kentucky, New Jersey, Tennessee, and Virginia. Index provided by Ancestry.com. “United States Census, 1790.” Database with images. FamilySearch. http://FamilySearch.org : 28 February 2021. Citing NARA microfilm publication M637.
What was the population of New York in 1790?
First, the populations of New York’s “free white males of 16 years and up” (83,700) and “free white males under 16 years” (78,122) were added. Then, that number (161,822) was divided by New York’s total population (340,120). What do you think “all other free persons” meant to Census-takers in 1790?
Who was responsible for the census in 1790?
Congress assigned responsibility for the 1790 census to the marshals of the U.S. judicial districts under an act which, with minor modifications and extensions, governed census taking through 1840.
Why are there no slaves in the 1790 census?
Only number of slaves accounted for, not ages. Indians that were not taxed were not included. According to archives.org, No schedules are known to exist for Delaware, Georgia, Kentucky, New Jersey, Tennessee, and Virginia; apparently they were destroyed during the British attack on Washington during the War of 1812.