What is idiopathic scrotal calcinosis?
Idiopathic scrotal calcinosis (SC) is a rare and benign disease of the scrotal skin. It is defined as the existence of multiple calcified and asymptomatic nodules of the scrotum skin wall.
What causes idiopathic scrotal calcinosis?
Idiopathic scrotal calcinosis is a cutaneous condition characterized by calcification of the skin resulting from the deposition of calcium and phosphorus occurring on the scrotum.
What is idiopathic calcification?
Idiopathic calcification occurs when there is deposition of calcium salts without underlying tissue damage or abnormal calcium or phosphorus levels. There are three types: familial tumoral calcinosis, subepidermal calcified nodules, and scrotal calcinosis.
What is dystrophic calcinosis?
Dystrophic calcinosis is the abnormal collection of calcium salts in or under the skin and in muscles or tendons, even when levels of calcium in the blood are normal. It occurs in some patients with dermatomyositis.
Is scrotal calcinosis harmful?
Scrotal calcinosis is a rare and benign condition. It usually gives rise to few symptoms, and the impact is mainly functional and aesthetic. It is considered part of dystrophic calcinosis cutis. Surgical management is the only curative approach, and recurrence has been described in few cases.
How do you get rid of scrotal calcinosis?
A subtotal excision of the scrotal wall is the most common procedure in cases of massive calcinosis. Nodules clustered in one region of the scrotum can be removed en bloc with good cosmetic result. Primary closure is usually possible, even though non-scrotal skin may need to be used to close the defect.
What are the treatment of pathological calcification?
Treatments may include taking anti-inflammatory medicines and applying ice packs. If the pain doesn’t go away, your doctor may recommend surgery.
How is dystrophic calcification treated?
Dystrophic calcification is known as a condition that is difficult to treat. Various therapies have been tried. Pharmacological approaches include warfarin, colchicine, probenecid, bisphosphonates, and diltiazem, all of which have been used with variable success.
Does calcinosis go away?
Often calcinosis cutis has no symptoms. But in some cases, it can be very painful. Treatments are available, including surgery, but the calcium lesions may recur.
Does calcinosis cutis go away?
These range from infection and injury to systemic diseases like kidney failure. Often calcinosis cutis has no symptoms. But in some cases, it can be very painful. Treatments are available, including surgery, but the calcium lesions may recur.
What causes calcium deposits in the scrotum skin?
Several authors have, on the other hand, identified epithelial cysts in the skin of the scrotum showing calcium deposits and have proposed that idiopathic calcinosis of the scrotum is actually caused by ruptured epithelial cysts.
Which is an uncommon disorder characterized by the presence of calcified nodules?
Uncommon disorder characterized by presence of calcified nodules in scrotal skin Dystrophic calcification due to Onchocerca volvulus: presence of parasite in tissue sections
How is the excision of the scrotum treated?
The excision is limited to scrotal skin because the nodules are localized in the dermis of the scrotum . In some studies, surgery was believed to be a solution; others reported a high probability of recurrence following surgery [11,12]. Topical use of vitamin A actively repairs skin.