How do you grow Buchanania Lanzan?

Cultivation details Grows well in full sun but can also tolerate considerable shade, especially when small[ 418 ]. Succeeds in most soils, including dry soils[ 146 , 418 ]. Prefers a pH in the range 5.5 – 6, tolerating 4.9 – 7.2[ 418 ]. Carbon Farming – Cultivation: regional crop only.

How do you grow Charoli?


  1. Pit Size : 30 cm depth and 20 cm diameter. Burn some dried leaves or straw inside the pit before plantation.
  2. Watering Interval : Do not let the soil dry and crack. Water it 1 litre every day during evening till next 2 years.
  3. Pest Prevention : New leaves may be damaged by pests. Can be removed by hand picking.

Where are Chironji grown in India?

A tree of the dry region is found in north, west and central India. Plants may be seen in forest area of Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Chattishgarh, Maharashtra, Bihar, Jharkhand, Orissa, Andhra Pradesh and Gujarat. Soil and climate Chironji is very hardy plant and thrives well on rocky and gravelly red soils.

How do you break Chironji?

This traditional process involves soaking in the water for 24 hrs, skin removal by hand rubbing followed by drying. Dried nut is broken by rubbing between a pair of stone-slab or hammer followed by separation of kernel from the hull.

What is Charoli called in English?

It is known as chironji (or charoli). These almond-flavoured seeds are used as a cooking spice primarily in India….

Buchanania lanzan
Family: Anacardiaceae
Genus: Buchanania
Species: B. lanzan
Binomial name

What is English word for Charoli?

Buchanania lanzan is a deciduous tree which produces seeds that are edible to humans. It is known as chironji (or charoli). Buchanania lanzan is cultivated across India, primarily in the northwest. After the hard shell is cracked, the stubby seed within is as soft as a pine nut.

Is Chironji dry fruit?

Dry fruit hub Almondette Kernels (Charoli or Chironji), Grade A product. Chironji is commonly added in desserts like kheer, ice-cream or porridge to enhance the flavour and nutrition.

Why is Charoli expensive?

They are collected from the forested interiors of Central India by tribal foragers for who it is a rare cash crop. One reason they are particularly expensive now is that these same regions are where the Naxal movement is strong and the trade is hard to carry out.

Is Chironji a dry fruit?

Is Charoli good for health?

Chironji seeds are a pretty good source of protein. With a relatively low-fat content and calorific value, these nutty seeds are a great addition to the daily diet. It has a pretty impressive fibre content which makes digestion easier. The host of healthful nutrients include vitamin B1, B2 and C as well as niacin.

How tall does a Buchanania lanzan tree grow?

Buchanania lanzan is an evergreen tree. It grows up to 18 metres tall. The tree is extensively harvested from the wild, and also cultivated for its edible seed, especially in India. It is commonly sold in local markets and has occasionally been exported. Diarrhoea, Skin diseases, Coughs, Asthma . Seed, Fruit .

How did the Buchanania lanzan get its name?

The name of this species is likely to be changed to Buchanania cochinchinensis (Lour.) M.R.Almeida. This name has already been accepted by some authorities, such as the Flora of Maharashtra State 1: 287. 1996. However, the name change is based on the basionym Toluifera cochinchinensis Lour., a name of uncertain placement.

When is the peak period for chironji Buchanania lanzan?

Time taken for complete development of flower ranges from 16-20 days. Peak period of anthesis was recorded between 6-11 am. Anther dehiscence commenced after opening of flowers i.e. at 7 am and continued till 3 pm. Peak period of dehiscence was recorded between 8 am -12 noon.

How is bark of chironji Buchanania used in Kerala?

The bark furnishes a natural varnish and is used in tanning in Kerala. The leaves are reported to be valued for their tonic and cardiotonic properties, and their powder is a common medicine for wounds.