What plant did the Scalesia tree evolve from?

All of the species have soft, pithy wood. Scalesia species have been called “the Darwin’s finches of the plant world” because they show a similarly dramatic pattern of adaptive radiation….

Order: Asterales
Family: Asteraceae
Tribe: Heliantheae
Genus: Scalesia Arn.

Why are daisy trees only found in the Galapagos Islands?

Galápagos Islands though have very few indigenous trees. The extreme weather pattern (long extreme droughts and prolonged periods of strong rain) prevents the formation of forests. Thus the daisy trees are dominating in the fertile highlands.

Do the Galapagos Islands have forests?

Forests cover a third of the total land surface on Earth, which is almost exactly the same percentage as the forest coverage in the Galapagos National Park. However, in a way so typical of Galapagos, things are not quite as they first appear and the trees and forests are no exception.

What plants grow in Galapagos?

Coastal Zone Plants

  • Black Mangrove. It has the highest salt tolerant leaves of all the mangroves the leaves and is equipped with special salt-extracting glands.
  • White Mangrove. White Mangrove grows into a shrub with aerial roots close to the water.
  • Candelabra Cactus.
  • Cutleaf Daisy.
  • Palo Santo.
  • Bracken Ferns.

What are three animals that call Espanola home?

Española Visitor sites:

  • Highlights: Hood mockingbird, Nazca boobies, waved albatross, red-billed tropicbirds, lava lizards, Galapagos hawk, blue-footed boobies, blow hole, amazing landscape.
  • Possible Activities: Hike (1.9 mi/3 km)
  • Type of Landing: Dry Landing.
  • Difficulty: Difficult.

What do lava cactus eat?

Not only are they a source of water in the most intense droughts, but their fruits, flowers and even pollen are a major food source for a huge range of animals, from giant tortoises to carpenter bees.

What makes the Galapagos penguin unique?

The only penguin that lives north of the equator is the Galapagos penguin. This species is able to survive at the equator because of the unique biogeography of the Galapagos Islands. Cold, productive water travels from Antarctica via the Humboldt Current, which flows to this island group.

What is the climate like in the Galapagos Islands?

Galapagos Islands Weather Galapagos is on the Equator but the weather is not tropical. Temperatures range from 69°-84°F / 21°-30°C. Warm season is from January to June. Dry season is from July to December.

What animals are currently endangered that live on the Galapagos?

6 Endangered Species in the Galápagos

  • #2 Marine Iguanas. Marine iguanas are the world’s only oceangoing lizard.
  • #3 Galápagos Penguins.
  • #4 Blue Footed Boobies.
  • #5 Green Sea Turtles.
  • #6 Sea Lions.

How do lava cactus survive?

As with all species of cactus, they are very well adapted to survive in arid environments. Able to store water in their juicy stems for months at a time, their leaves have evolved into spikes, reducing the amount of water lost through evapotranspiration and serving as a first defence against passing herbivores.

Where did the genus Scalesia get its name?

Scalesia is a genus in the family Asteraceae endemic to the Galapagos Islands. It contains fifteen species that grow as shrubs or trees. This is unusual, because tree species are uncommon in Asteraceae. The genus Scalesia resulted from a blunder by Arnott who named it in honour of “W.

How is the dandelion related to the daisy family?

Dandelion is related to the daisy family and commonly found worldwide. The flower, leaf and root of this plant are used in traditional medicine for their diuretic, cholagogic, antirheumatic and appetite-stimulating properties .

Is there any scientific evidence for dandelion root?

Despite its long-standing use in traditional medicine, there is a lack of scientific evidence supporting the medicinal use of dandelion root. While a number of animal and laboratory studies have been conducted, few have progressed to human trials.

What can you do with the flowers of a dandelion?

The flowers of the plant can be used to make dandelion wine or dandelion jelly and the greens can be added to soups, salads and pasta dishes. The roots of the plant can be used in a wide array of dandelion recipes as well, but many choose to brew dandelion root into a tasty tea or soothing coffee substitute.