How was the Sudetenland crisis resolved?
In order to help stop a war, Neville Chamberlain met with Hitler who said that Germany only wanted those parts of the Sudetenland which spoke German, and that they should be able to vote on it. The Sudeten Crisis led to the Munich Agreement in September 1938.
What was important about the Sudetenland?
The northern part of Czechoslovakia was known as the Sudetenland. The Sudetenland was desired by Germany not only for its territory, but also because a majority of its population were ‘ethnically’ German. In the summer of 1938 Hitler demanded the annexation of the Sudetenland into Germany.
How did the Sudetenland crisis lead to an international crisis?
Neville Chamberlain, Prime Minister of Britain, met with Hitler on 15 September 1938. Hitler said he wanted parts of the Sudetenland but only if plebiscites showed that the Sudeten Germans wanted to become part of Germany. This led to an absolute crisis because Chamberlain could not agree to this.
What was the crisis over the Sudetenland?
Following the disintegration of the Austro-Hungarian Empire at the end of the First World War, three million ethnic Germans found themselves living in the newly-formed Czechoslovakia, mostly concentrated in the Sudetenland.
What month was the Sudetenland crisis?
The world teetered on the brink of another world war in September 1938 as British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain and French Premier Francois Duvalier attempted to maintain peace by urging the Czech government to cede the oil-rich Sudetenland region of primarily ethnic Germans.
Why did Germany claim Sudetenland?
When Adolf Hitler came to power, he wanted to unite all Germans into one nation. In September 1938 he turned his attention to the three million Germans living in part of Czechoslovakia called the Sudetenland.
Why was Czechoslovakia nervous about losing the Sudetenland?
The loss of the Sudetenland crippled Czechoslovakia as a fighting force, with most of their armaments, fortifications and raw materials signed off to Germany without them having any say in the matter. Unable to resist without French and British support, by the end of 1938 the whole of the country was in Nazi hands.
Why was the Czechoslovakian crisis important?
A crisis in Czechoslovakia threw Europe into turmoil in 1938. It was almost inevitable that trouble would occur between the various nationalities. This was especially true of the Germans who resented living under the rule of foreigners. Its most pressing demand was for the Sudetenland to be put under Germany control.
Is Sudetenland part of Germany today?
Afterwards, the formerly unrecognized Sudetenland became an administrative division of Germany. When Czechoslovakia was reconstituted after the Second World War, the Sudeten Germans were expelled and the region today is inhabited almost exclusively by Czech speakers.
What is the Czechoslovakian crisis?
Are Bohemians German?
German-Bohemians are people who have either lived in or have ancestry in the outer rim of the Czech Republic. Once this region was part of the Holy Roman Empire of the German nation, when people moved and settled freely in Central Europe. Later it became part of Austro-Hungary.
When did Germany annex the Sudetenland?
Germany annexes Sudetenland. The Sudetenland province of Czechoslovakia was populated by largely ethnic Germans. At the Munich Conference in September 1938, Great Britain and France agreed to allow Germany to annex this area. This consent, and the actual annexation on October 6, 1938, cost Czechoslovakia its fortifications and most of its industry.
What prompted the Munich Conference of 1938?
The Munich Conference of 1938 was prompted by D. Hitler’s intention to take control of part of Czechoslovakia. Hitler sought to unite German-speaking people in a single nation and thus turned his sights on the Sudetenland , a German-speaking region of Czechoslovakia.
What was the Sudetenland WW2?
Sudetenland and German occupation of Czechoslovakia in WWII. The German occupation of Czechoslovakia was between 1938 and 1945. This started with the Nazi annexation of the borders which are in the north and in the west – these regions are commonly named as the Sudetenland.