How many colonies did France have in ww1?

two colonial empires
France had two colonial empires. The first one during the XVIth-XVIIIth Centuries was built by large Royal Trading Companies (such as Compagnie des Indes Occidentales). This empire included most of Northern America, some of the richest Caribbean Islands and a large part of India.

Did France have colonies during ww1?

Algeria, Morocco, and Tunisia were French colonies at this time, and these colonies provided France with thousands of troops. Tunisia alone provided France with some 60,000 men.

Which colonies were French?

In North America, France colonized the New France region, Newfoundland, and resent day Haiti. Former colonies in the Caribbean include Grenada, Nevis, Sait Croix, Dominica, Tobago and several other Islands. In South America, the French took over the control of parts of Brazil, Iles Malouines, and French Guiana.

Who did the French colonize?

France established colonies in North America, the Caribbean, and India in the 17th century, and while it lost most of its American holdings to Spain and Great Britain before the end of the 18th century, it eventually expanded its Asian and African territories in the 19th century.

Why did the French empire fall?

Collapse of the empire The French colonial empire began to fall apart during the Second World War, when various parts of their empire were occupied by foreign powers (Japan in Indochina, Britain in Syria and Lebanon, the US and Britain in Morocco and Algeria, Germany in Tunisia).

What happened to colonies after WWI?

After the war, the nature of colonialism began to change. The losers, namely Germany, the Ottoman Empire, and Austria-Hungary lost their colonies. In some cases, the victors took them over. In other instances, new nation-states were established out of the former colonies.

Why did France lose its empire?

Colonial conflict with Britain In the middle of the 18th century, a series of colonial conflicts began between France and Britain, which ultimately resulted in the destruction of most of the first French colonial empire and the near-complete expulsion of France from the Americas.

How long did the French empire last?

France had colonial possessions, in various forms, from the beginning of the 17th century until the 1960s. In the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, its global colonial empire was the second largest behind the British Empire.

Did Germany lose its colonies after ww1?

Germany lost World War I. In the 1919 Treaty of Versailles, the victorious powers (the United States, Great Britain, France, and other allied states) imposed punitive territorial, military, and economic provisions on defeated Germany. Outside Europe, Germany lost all its colonies.

Why did Germany lose its colonies?

Germany lost all of its overseas colonies due to its lack of forces compared to its enemy. In the Pacific, Britain’s ally Japan declared war on Germany in 1914 and quickly seized several of Germany’s island colonies, the Mariana, Caroline and Marshall Islands, with virtually no resistance.

What is list of former French colonies?


  • French protectorate of Cambodia
  • French Cameroon
  • Canada (New France)
  • French Chad
  • Charlesfort-Santa Elena Site
  • Chartered company
  • Colonialism in the Central African Republic
  • Colony of Niger
  • French Congo
  • Why did France colonize America?

    France colonized North America because of the great amount of furs they found there. The French traded with the Indians for furs that they then took back and sold in Europe because people were willing to pay a lot of money for furs in Europe.

    What were the French colonies in North America?

    The French colonial empire in the Americas comprised New France (including Canada and Louisiana), French West Indies (including Saint-Domingue, Guadeloupe , Martinique , Dominica, St. Lucia, Grenada , Tobago and other islands) and French Guiana .

    What were the former French colonies in Africa?

    Haiti was a former French colony. During the Colonial period in Africa, the British and the French colonized more than 95% of the continent.